This small terracotta statuette is  a cultural relic,  a  reminder of the lost life - sized bronze statues of the wounded asylum-seeking Amazons in the sanctum of Artemis in Ephesus from 5th century BC.

   The terracotta  statuette is showing a bare-
   foot female figure standing  upright on her
   right leg with a slightly angled left leg. The
   head is  slightly  inclined  to  the right. The
   right arm is raised  high over the head and 
   lowered  to  the left  side of the body.  The 
   left arm is  hanging down.  She is grasping 
   the ends of  a  bow over a quiver,  hanging
   over the left hip.

   At the feet is lying a Pergamon helmet. The
   female is  dressed in a rich - folded  girded
   chiton,  which  is tied  at the right shoulder.
   On her left sid e the  tie has  slipped  down
   the girdle and one breast is bared.

   The hemline of the knee - length chiton has
   been  pulled  up over the  right  thigh to the
   hip under the girdle. The full hair is  parted
   in  the  middle and  has  been bundled  up 
   twice with two  pigtails at  the back  of  the
   head. The chiton retains traces of the origi-
   nal colour. The weapons mark this figurine
   as an Amazon.

   This  small, except for the colour,  comple-
   tely  preserved   statuette,   copies   a  lost 
   original life-sized bronze statue which was
created  in  the Roman written tradition by  a  famous Greek artist,  in competition with four other sculptors for the asylum sanctum of Artemis in Ephesus.

   On  the  incompletely   preserved   Roman
   marble  copies  the bow over the quiver is
   missing, except for some rests in the hands
   and fixing points on the left thigh. On some
   marble copies  can  be  found a  wound on
   the  bared  left  thigh,  which  explains  the
   pulled - up garment  hemline  and  charac-
   terises  the  statues  of the Amazons as pic-
   tures of asylum-seekers in the sanctum.

   According  to  the Roman written  tradition,
   the small clay  figure created in a sculpture
   competition is, after Polyclitus and Phidias,
   the   third -  placed    Amazon,   made    by
   Kresilas. The famous Roman marble copies
   have   been   made  with  the  head  of  the
   famous statue of Perikles.
   The  result  of   the  thermo - luminescence
   analysis limits the time of  origin of the sta-
   tuette. The artist’s  competition  of  430  BC
   is historically  and  politically  likely,  while
   a temporal minimal limit for the production
   of the  clay statuette is  stylistic on account
   of the  typical  hairstyle  with  the  bundled
   pigtails, which differ from the hairstyles  of
   the  5
th  century  BC.  Also,  the Pergamon
   helmet fits with this time period

see also


Weber, M.:                                            Neues zu den Amazonen, Thetis 2008.
Historisches Museum der Pfalz Speyer:   Amazonen   Geheimnisvolle Kriegerinnen, 2010.